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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand
conventional short form: Thailand
local long form: Ratcha Anachak Thai
local short form: Prathet Thai
former: Siam
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Bangkok
geographic coordinates: 13 45 N, 100 31 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionfive horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red
Currencybaht (THB)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBangkok, Laem Chabang, Prachuap Port, Si Racha
Agriculture productsrice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans
Industriestourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
LocationSoutheastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
Coordinates15 00 N, 100 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 514,000 sq km
land: 511,770 sq km
water: 2,230 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,863 km
border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
Coastline3,219 km
Climatetropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
Terraincentral plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere
Natural resourcestin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Natural hazardsland subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
ReligionsBuddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)
LanguagesThai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

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