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Flag of Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Netherlands Antilles
local long form: none
local short form: Nederlandse Antillen
former: Curacao and Dependencies
Gevernment typeparliamentary
Capital name: Willemstad (on Curacao)
geographic coordinates: 12 06 N, 68 56 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite, with a horizontal blue stripe in the center superimposed on a vertical red band, also centered; five white, five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the blue band; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten
CurrencyNetherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBopec Terminal, Fuik Bay, Kralendijk, Willemstad
Agriculture productsaloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Industriestourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
LocationCaribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - composed of five islands, Curacao and Bonaire located off the coast of Venezuela, and St. Maarten, Saba, and St. Eustatius lie east of the US Virgin Islands
Coordinates12 15 N, 68 45 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 960 sq km
land: 960 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
Boundaries total: 15 km
border countries: Guadeloupe (Saint-Martin) 15 km
Coastline364 km
Climatetropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds
Terraingenerally hilly, volcanic interiors
Natural resourcesphosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)
Natural hazardsCuracao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October
Population221,736 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
ReligionsRoman Catholic 72%, Pentecostal 4.9%, Protestant 3.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%, Methodist 2.9%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, other Christian 4.2%, Jewish 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.2%, none 5.2% (2001 census)
LanguagesPapiamento 65.4% (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect), English 15.9% (widely spoken), Dutch 7.3% (official), Spanish 6.1%, Creole 1.6%, other 1.9%, unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

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