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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
conventional short form: Iceland
local long form: Lydveldid Island
local short form: Island
Gevernment typeconstitutional republic
Capital name: Reykjavik
geographic coordinates: 64 09 N, 21 57 W
time difference: UTC (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
CurrencyIcelandic krona (ISK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsGrundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Hornafjordhur, Reykjavik, Seydhisfjordhur
Agriculture productspotatoes, green vegetables; mutton, dairy products; fish
Industriesfish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism
LocationNorthern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the UK
Coordinates65 00 N, 18 00 W
ContinentArctic Region
Area total: 103,000 sq km
land: 100,250 sq km
water: 2,750 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline4,970 km
Climatetemperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Terrainmostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Natural resourcesfish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Natural hazardsearthquakes and volcanic activity
Population299,388 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupshomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
ReligionsLutheran Church of Iceland 85.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.1%, Roman Catholic Church 2%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.5%, other Christian 2.7%, other or unspecified 3.8%, unaffiliated 2.4% (2004)
LanguagesIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

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