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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Guyana
conventional short form: Guyana
former: British Guiana
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Georgetown
geographic coordinates: 6 48 N, 58 10 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiongreen, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
CurrencyGuyanese dollar (GYD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsGeorgetown
Agriculture productssugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp
Industriesbauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
LocationNorthern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Coordinates5 00 N, 59 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 214,970 sq km
land: 196,850 sq km
water: 18,120 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,949 km
border countries: Brazil 1,606 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline459 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Terrainmostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Natural resourcesbauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Natural hazardsflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
ReligionsChristian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
LanguagesEnglish, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu

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