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Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea
local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial/Republique de Guinee equatoriale
local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial/Guinee equatoriale
former: Spanish Guinea
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Malabo
geographic coordinates: 3 45 N, 8 47 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice)
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Internet country
Ports and terminalsMalabo
Agriculture productscoffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
Industriespetroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Coordinates2 00 N, 10 00 E
Area total: 28,051 sq km
land: 28,051 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 539 km
border countries: Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
Coastline296 km
Climatetropical; always hot, humid
Terraincoastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Natural hazardsviolent windstorms, flash floods
Population540,109 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
Religionsnominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
LanguagesSpanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo

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