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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
conventional short form: Djibouti
local long form: Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti
local short form: Djibouti/Jibuti
former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Djibouti
geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 15 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center
CurrencyDjiboutian franc (DJF)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsDjibouti
Agriculture productsfruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels, animal hides
Industriesconstruction, agricultural processing
LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Coordinates11 30 N, 43 00 E
Area total: 23,000 sq km
land: 22,980 sq km
water: 20 sq km
Boundaries total: 516 km
border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
Coastline314 km
Climatedesert; torrid, dry
Terraincoastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Natural resourcesgeothermal areas, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
Natural hazardsearthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
Population486,530 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
ReligionsMuslim 94%, Christian 6%
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

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