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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark
conventional short form: Denmark
local long form: Kongeriget Danmark
local short form: Danmark
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Copenhagen
geographic coordinates: 55 40 N, 12 35 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionred with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side, and that design element of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsAalborg, Aarhus, Asnaesvaerkets, Copenhagen, Elsinore, Ensted, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Frederikshavn, Kalundborg, Odense, Roenne
Agriculture productsbarley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
Industriesiron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
LocationNorthern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)
Coordinates56 00 N, 10 00 E
Area total: 43,094 sq km
land: 42,394 sq km
water: 700 sq km
note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Boundaries total: 68 km
border countries: Germany 68 km
Coastline7,314 km
Climatetemperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
Terrainlow and flat to gently rolling plains
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
Natural hazardsflooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
Population5,450,661 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran 95%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%, Muslim 2%
LanguagesDanish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
note: English is the predominant second language

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