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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Cambodia
conventional short form: Cambodia
local long form: Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea (phonetic pronunciation)
local short form: Kampuchea
former: Kingdom of Cambodia, Khmer Republic, Democratic Kampuchea, People's Republic of Kampuchea, State of Cambodia
Gevernment typemultiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Capital name: Phnom Penh
geographic coordinates: 11 33 N, 104 55 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue with a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat outlined in black in the center of the red band; only national flag to incorporate an actual building in its design
Currencyriel (KHR)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsPhnom Penh, Preah Seihanu (Sihanoukville)
Agriculture productsrice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca
Industriestourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
LocationSoutheastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos
Coordinates13 00 N, 105 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 181,040 sq km
land: 176,520 sq km
water: 4,520 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,572 km
border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km
Coastline443 km
Climatetropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Natural resourcesoil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential
Natural hazardsmonsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
ReligionsTheravada Buddhist 95%, other 5%
LanguagesKhmer (official) 95%, French, English

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