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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland
conventional short form: Swaziland
local long form: Umbuso weSwatini
local short form: eSwatini
Gevernment typemonarchy
Capital name: Mbabane
geographic coordinates: 26 18 S, 31 06 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally
Currencylilangeni (SZL)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productssugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Industriesmining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
LocationSouthern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Coordinates26 30 S, 31 30 E
Area total: 17,363 sq km
land: 17,203 sq km
water: 160 sq km
Boundaries total: 535 km
border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatevaries from tropical to near temperate
Terrainmostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Natural resourcesasbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Natural hazardsdrought
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 97%, European 3%
ReligionsZionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
LanguagesEnglish (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

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