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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa
conventional short form: Samoa
local long form: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
local short form: Samoa
former: Western Samoa
Gevernment typemix of parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Capital name: Apia
geographic coordinates: 13 50 S, 171 45W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation
Currencytala (SAT)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsApia
Agriculture productscoconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
Industriesfood processing, building materials, auto parts
LocationOceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Coordinates13 35 S, 172 20 W
Area total: 2,944 sq km
land: 2,934 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline403 km
Climatetropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
Terraintwo main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior
Natural resourceshardwood forests, fish, hydropower
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons; active volcanism
Population176,908 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
ReligionsCongregationalist 34.8%, Roman Catholic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, other Christian 4.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
LanguagesSamoan (Polynesian), English

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