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Flag of Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
conventional short form: Sao Tome and Principe
local long form: Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe
local short form: Sao Tome e Principe
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Sao Tome
geographic coordinates: 0 12 N, 6 39 E
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Currencydobra (STD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsSao Tome
Agriculture productscocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
Industrieslight construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
LocationWestern Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
Coordinates1 00 N, 7 00 E
Area total: 1,001 sq km
land: 1,001 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline209 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Terrainvolcanic, mountainous
Natural resourcesfish, hydropower
Natural hazardsNA
Population193,413 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
ReligionsCatholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)
LanguagesPortuguese (official)

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