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Flag of Senegal Senegal

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Senegal
conventional short form: Senegal
local long form: Republique du Senegal
local short form: Senegal
former: Senegambia (along with The Gambia); Mali Federation
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Dakar
geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 17 26 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Internet country
Ports and terminalsDakar
Agriculture productspeanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Industriesagricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Coordinates14 00 N, 14 00 W
Area total: 196,190 sq km
land: 192,000 sq km
water: 4,190 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,640 km
border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km
Coastline531 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Terraingenerally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast
Natural resourcesfish, phosphates, iron ore
Natural hazardslowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
Population11,987,121 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
ReligionsMuslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
LanguagesFrench (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

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