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Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Saint-Pierre
geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Flag descriptiona yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with yellow wavy lines under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the flag of France is used for official occasions
Currencyeuro (EUR)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsSaint-Pierre
Agriculture productsvegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Industriesfish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
LocationNorthern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Coordinates46 50 N, 56 20 W
ContinentNorth America
Area total: 242 sq km
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Boundaries0 km
Coastline120 km
Climatecold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Terrainmostly barren rock
Natural resourcesfish, deepwater ports
Natural hazardspersistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Population7,026 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 99%
LanguagesFrench (official)

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