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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
conventional short form: Saudi Arabia
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
local short form: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Gevernment typemonarchy
Capital name: Riyadh
geographic coordinates: 24 38 N, 46 43 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiongreen, a traditional color in Islamic flags, with the Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script (translated as "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God") above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely associated with the Al Saud family which established the kingdom in 1932
CurrencySaudi riyal (SAR)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsAd Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jiddah, Yanbu' al Sinaiyah
Agriculture productswheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk
Industriescrude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
LocationMiddle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Coordinates25 00 N, 45 00 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 2,149,690 sq km
land: 2,149,690 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,431 km
border countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km
Coastline2,640 km
Climateharsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
Terrainmostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Natural hazardsfrequent sand and dust storms
note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
ReligionsMuslim 100%

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