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Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
conventional short form: Guinea-Bissau
local long form: Republica da Guine-Bissau
local short form: Guine-Bissau
former: Portuguese Guinea
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Bissau
geographic coordinates: 11 51 N, 15 35 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim
Agriculture productsrice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish
Industriesagricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Coordinates12 00 N, 15 00 W
Area total: 36,120 sq km
land: 28,000 sq km
water: 8,120 sq km
Boundaries total: 724 km
border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
Coastline350 km
Climatetropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrainmostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east
Natural resourcesfish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Population1,442,029 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
Religionsindigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 45%, Christian 5%
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages

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