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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Poland
conventional short form: Poland
local long form: Rzeczpospolita Polska
local short form: Polska
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Warsaw
geographic coordinates: 52 15 N, 21 00 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white
Currencyzloty (PLN)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsGdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie, Szczecin
Agriculture productspotatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, dairy
Industriesmachine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Coordinates52 00 N, 20 00 E
Area total: 312,685 sq km
land: 304,465 sq km
water: 8,220 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,056 km
border countries: Belarus 416 km, Czech Republic 790 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 103 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 529 km
Coastline491 km
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Natural resourcescoal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Natural hazardsflooding
Population38,536,869 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsPolish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002)
LanguagesPolish 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)

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