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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Paraguay
conventional short form: Paraguay
local long form: Republica del Paraguay
local short form: Paraguay
Gevernment typeconstitutional republic
Capital name: Asuncion
geographic coordinates: 25 16 S, 57 40 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue with an emblem centered in the white band; unusual flag in that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles)
Currencyguarani (PYG)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsAsuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion
Agriculture productscotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
Industriessugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
LocationCentral South America, northeast of Argentina
Coordinates23 00 S, 58 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 406,750 sq km
land: 397,300 sq km
water: 9,450 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,995 km
border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,365 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatesubtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
Terraingrassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Natural resourceshydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Natural hazardslocal flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
Population6,506,464 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10%
LanguagesSpanish (official), Guarani (official)

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