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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Nauru
conventional short form: Nauru
local long form: Republic of Nauru
local short form: Nauru
former: Pleasant Island
Gevernment typerepublic
Capitalno official capital; government offices in Yaren District
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsNauru
Agriculture productscoconuts
Industriesphosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
LocationOceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Coordinates0 32 S, 166 55 E
Area total: 21 sq km
land: 21 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline30 km
Climatetropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Terrainsandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Natural resourcesphosphates, fish
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts
Population13,287 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
ReligionsChristian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
LanguagesNauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes

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