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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Moldova
conventional short form: Moldova
local long form: Republica Moldova
local short form: Moldova
former: Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic; Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Chisinau (Kishinev)
geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 28 50 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionsame color scheme as Romania - three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized ox head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow
CurrencyMoldovan leu (MDL)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productsvegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk
Industriessugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
LocationEastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Coordinates47 00 N, 29 00 E
Area total: 33,843 sq km
land: 33,371 sq km
water: 472 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,389 km
border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatemoderate winters, warm summers
Terrainrolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
Natural resourceslignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
Natural hazardslandslides (57 cases in 1998)
Population4,466,706 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMoldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)
note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
ReligionsEastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000)
LanguagesMoldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

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