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Flag of Liberia Liberia

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Liberia
conventional short form: Liberia
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Monrovia
geographic coordinates: 6 18 N, 10 47 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag description11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
CurrencyLiberian dollar (LRD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBuchanan, Monrovia
Agriculture productsrubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Industriesrubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Coordinates6 30 N, 9 30 W
Area total: 111,370 sq km
land: 96,320 sq km
water: 15,050 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,585 km
border countries: Guinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Coastline579 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Terrainmostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
Natural resourcesiron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Natural hazardsdust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)
Population3,042,004 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsindigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Religionsindigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
LanguagesEnglish 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

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