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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Greenland
local long form: none
local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy
Capital name: Nuuk (Godthab)
geographic coordinates: 64 11 N, 51 44 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: Greenland is divided into four time zones
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsSisimiut
Agriculture productsforage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish
Industriesfish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
LocationNorthern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada
Coordinates72 00 N, 40 00 W
ContinentArctic Region
Area total: 2,166,086 sq km
land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered) (2000 est.)
Boundaries0 km
Coastline44,087 km
Climatearctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
Terrainflat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast
Natural resourcescoal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Natural hazardscontinuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island
Population56,361 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran
LanguagesGreenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English

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