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Flag of El Salvador El Salvador

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of El Salvador
conventional short form: El Salvador
local long form: Republica de El Salvador
local short form: El Salvador
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: San Salvador
geographic coordinates: 13 42 N, 89 12 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsAcajutla, Puerto Cutuco
Agriculture productscoffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp
Industriesfood processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
LocationCentral America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras
Coordinates13 50 N, 88 55 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 21,040 sq km
land: 20,720 sq km
water: 320 sq km
Boundaries total: 545 km
border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km
Coastline307 km
Climatetropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
Terrainmostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Natural resourceshydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Natural hazardsknown as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Population6,822,378 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 83%, other 17%
note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals in El Salvador
LanguagesSpanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

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