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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Ecuador
conventional short form: Ecuador
local long form: Republica del Ecuador
local short form: Ecuador
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Quito
geographic coordinates: 0 13 S, 78 30 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsEsmeraldas, Guayaquil, La Libertad, Manta, Puerto Bolivar
Agriculture productsbananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp
Industriespetroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
LocationWestern South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Coordinates2 00 S, 77 30 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 283,560 sq km
land: 276,840 sq km
water: 6,720 sq km
note: includes Galapagos Islands
Boundaries total: 2,010 km
border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Coastline2,237 km
Climatetropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Terraincoastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Natural resourcespetroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Natural hazardsfrequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts
Population13,547,510 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 95%, other 5%
LanguagesSpanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)

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