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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Costa Rica
conventional short form: Costa Rica
local long form: Republica de Costa Rica
local short form: Costa Rica
Gevernment typedemocratic republic
Capital name: San Jose
geographic coordinates: 9 56 N, 84 05 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionfive horizontal bands of blue (top), white, red (double width), white, and blue, with the coat of arms in a white elliptical disk on the hoist side of the red band; above the coat of arms a light blue ribbon contains the words, AMERICA CENTRAL, and just below it near the top of the coat of arms is a white ribbon with the words, REPUBLICA COSTA RICA
CurrencyCosta Rican colon (CRC)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsCaldera, Puerto Limon
Agriculture productscoffee, pineapples, bananas, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes; beef; timber
Industriesmicroprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products
LocationCentral America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama
Coordinates10 00 N, 84 00 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 51,100 sq km
land: 50,660 sq km
water: 440 sq km
note: includes Isla del Coco
Boundaries total: 639 km
border countries: Nicaragua 309 km, Panama 330 km
Coastline1,290 km
Climatetropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands
Terraincoastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes
Natural resourceshydropower
Natural hazardsoccasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season and landslides; active volcanoes
Population4,075,261 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%
LanguagesSpanish (official), English

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