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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
conventional short form: Lithuania
local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
local short form: Lietuva
former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Vilnius
geographic coordinates: 54 41 N, 25 19 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red
Currencylitas (LTL)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKlaipeda
Agriculture productsgrain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
Industriesmetal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
Coordinates56 00 N, 24 00 E
Area total: 65,200 sq km
land: NA sq km
water: NA sq km
Boundaries total: 1,613 km
border countries: Belarus 653.5 km, Latvia 588 km, Poland 103.7 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 267.8 km
Coastline90 km
Climatetransitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
Terrainlowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
Natural resourcespeat, arable land, amber
Natural hazardsNA
Population3,585,906 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsLithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census)
LanguagesLithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)

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