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Flag of Georgia Georgia

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Georgia
local long form: none
local short form: Sak'art'velo
former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: T'bilisi
geographic coordinates: 41 43 N, 44 49 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite rectangle, in its central portion a red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red bolnur-katskhuri cross; the five-cross flag appears to date back to the 14th century
Currencylari (GEL)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBat'umi, P'ot'i
Agriculture productscitrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock
Industriessteel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
LocationSouthwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia
Coordinates42 00 N, 43 30 E
Area total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,461 km
border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km
Coastline310 km
Climatewarm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
Terrainlargely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
Natural resourcesforests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Natural hazardsearthquakes
Population4,661,473 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsGeorgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
ReligionsOrthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)
LanguagesGeorgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia

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